NAVTP: The Concept
Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are centrifugal to Skill Development Framework in India. These are the biggest supplier of shop-floor level skills and contribute to almost half of the country’s total annual training capacity. There are around 10,000 ITIs in India out of which almost 2/3rd lie in private sector. The gap between private-public training institutes widens even further when the data of “Vocational Training Providers” (VTPs, under the MES scheme) is also considered.
However, despite the evident dominance of private ITIs/VTPs in the country, their potential is yet to be realized due to lack of government support and other policy/regulatory issues. Age old curricula, lack of incentives (on purchase of latest technology for training, for example) and reduced operational viability have made it unrealistic for these institutes to deliver quality training. Absence of any platform to interact with the government/industry further aggravates the problem and leads to their non-representation in policy ideations. As a result of it, private sector vocational training institutions (ITIs/VTPs), similar to their government counterparts, are increasingly producing unemployable youth, adding to the problem on unemployment.
Taking a cue from the situation, FICCI setup The National Association of Vocational Training Providers (NAVTP) in 2011. NAVTP is a nationwide association of private ITIs/VTPs in India, which strives for quality improvement in vocational training and strengthening of private sector vocational training providers (ITIs/VTPs) through Policy Advocacy, Networking, Information Sharing and Hand-Holding Support. It also acts as a learning-sharing platform where members can learn from each other and also raise their issues/demands, which is further conveyed to the concerned office (state/center government).
The forum is presided by Shri Naveen Jindal, Hon’ble Member of Parliament; Chairman & Managing Director- Jindal Steel and Power Ltd.
- In several cases, National Trade Certificates (NTC) have not been issued since 2009. This apart, many students have also not received mark sheets since 2012. It is not only hampering their employment prospects but also apprenticeship prospects, as mark sheet is a prerequisite for apprenticeship training.
- Communication gap between administration and private ITIs.
- Change in syllabus or change of subject is not conveyed in time.
- Same information is asked again and again in changing formats, and the time given to furnish the information is too less.
- Examination system reform is most urgent. While roll number of students come online, nodal officers need to be approached for information about examination center. In many cases, there is absolutely no information about examination center even before one day before the examination date.
- The sanctioned intake per unit for different Trades is too less. It makes running an ITI, a non viable venture. It should be raised to 30-40 seats per unit.
- Lack of government support to private ITIs.
- There is no subsidy on equipments
- There is no grant support for infrastructure development
Impact of the efforts:
- “Support to private vocational trainer providers” has been added as an agenda point for the 12th FYP.
- DGE&T, after hearing the issues of private ITIs/VTPs, directed the assessing bodies to not to ask for hard copies of the documents of students (MES scheme)
- Need was felt to further strengthen the MES portal. Work has already started.
The way forward:
- Starting state chapters of NAVTP
- Starting Awards
- Organizing a national level convention of ITIs/VTPs
- Setting up a job portal where information about skills availability (at member institutes) could be conveyed to the industry.